FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Tlingit

 

 

Ethnie: TLINGIT
Language: Tlingit
Family: Tlingit
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest

 

 

 

 

Speakers 700    (1995)  M. Krausse
       The Tlingit were a large sedentary coastal maritime hunter nation of the northwest culture. They occupied all of the coast and islands of the southern arm of Alaska from Yukatat Bay southward. They suffered from numerous conflicts with the Russians, and later, the Americans.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
AK     Auk (2), Chilkat (7), Gonaho (1), Hehl (1), Henya or Hanega (3), Huna (6), Hutsnuwu (3), Kake (1), Kuiu (2), Sanya (1), Sitka (8), Stikine (3), Sumdum (1), Taku (2), Tongass (2), Yakutat (4)
Present Locations
AK    Chugach Alaska Corporation, Ancorage
          Katalla-Chilkat Tlingit Tribe of Alaska, Juneau
          Sealaska Corporation, Juneau
BC     Taku River Tlingit First Nation, Atlin
Year History
1741 Territory discovered by Chirikoff and Bering, soon to be followed other Russians as well as explorers and traders from Mexico, England, France, and New England
1775 Spaniard Bruno de Hetza visit started smallpox epidemic
1786 La Perouse lost two boats and their men in severe tides of Lituya Bay
1799 Russians built a fort near
1802 Sitka Natives drove Whites from Sitka post
1804 Baranoff drove Indians from fort, Sitka later became Alaska capital until 1906, Indian outbreaks continued due to rough Russian treatment
1836 Smallpox epidemic
1840 Smallpox epidemic
1867 Alaska Purchase
1868 US Troops destroyed Stikine and Kake
1877 Presbyterian mission established
1882 Presbyterian mission established
1898 Klondike gold rush
Year Total Population AK BC   Source
1700 10,000 10,000     NAHDB calculation
1740 10,000       Mooney estimate
1800 8,000 8,000     NAHDB calculation
1835 5,850       Veniaminoff estimate
1839 5,455       Sir James Douglas estimate
1840 4,501       Veniaminoff estimate
1861 8,597       Lt. Wehrman, Russian Navy census
1880 6,763       Petroff census
1890 4,501       Census
1900 5,000 4,700 300   NAHDB calculation
1910 4,426       Census
1920 3,895       Census
1930 4,462       Census
1974 422       CDIA (Inland Tlingit)
1978 411       CDIA (Inland Tlingit)
1995 10,000       M. Krausse
2000 11,000 10,000 1,000   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Tlingit Sites
Alaskan Tlingit Photos  http://www.danheller.com/alaska-tlinget.html
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut Population  http://www.census.gov/population/www/pop-profile/amerind.html
Angoon, Alaska  http://www.wingsofalaska.com/angoon.htm
Angoon Indian Village ...  http://www.aliciapatterson.org/APF001972/Morgan/Morgan15/Morgan15.html
Athabaskan Tlingit Indian Knifes  http://www.cullodenantiques.com/athabaskan_indian_tlingit_knifes.html
Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska  http://www.ccthita.org/
Chugach Legends  http://www.alaskool.org/native_ed/literature/Chugach/chugachlegends.htm
Church Apologizes for Missionary Abuses  http://www.geocities.com/alaskanativebaskets/Church.Apology.Spirit.html
Fishing and the Tlingit Indians  http://www.alaskafishingontheweb.com/tlingit_fishing/
Haines, Alaska  http://www.wingsofalaska.com/haines.htm
Hoonah Tlingit  http://www.cr.nps.gov/archeology/cg/vol2_num3-4/bay.htm
Last Great Potlatch  http://www.designsbytrisha.com/last_great_potlatch.htm
Medicine Cabinet for Alaska Tribe  http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=3607496
Peace hat returned to Alaska's Tlingit Tribe  http://www.indianz.com/News/archives/001152.asp
Potlatches  http://alaskan.com/docs/potlatch.html
Rofcar, Teri, Alaskan Native Basketry and Weaving  http://terirofkar.com/
Russian America  http://it.stlawu.edu/~rkreuzer/natives.htm
Sealaska Heritage Institute  http://www.sealaskaheritage.org/index.htm
Shamanism  http://alaskan.com/docs/shamanism.html
Sitka Tribal Enterprises  http://www.sitkatribal.com/ourculture.html
Taku River Tlingit First Nation  http://www.trtfn.com/
Taku River Tlingit First Nation  http://www.bctreaty.net/nations_3/taku.html
Taku River Tlingit Territory  http://www.roundriver.org/trt_conservation_main.html
Teslin Tlingit Council  http://www.klondikeinfotech.com/ttc/heritage.html
Tlingit Art and Culture  http://www.tlingitculture.com/
Tlingit Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t222
Tlingit Baskets  http://www.geocities.com/alaskanativebaskets/
Tlingit Carver - Israel Shotridge  http://www.shotridgestudios.com/
Tlingit Chief  http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/features/croads/tlingit.html
Tlingit Culture  http://www.shotridgestudios.com/culture-essay.html
Tlingit-Haida-Tsimshian  http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/ANCR/southeast.html
Tliingit History  http://www.geocities.com/alaskanjadeite/tlinget.hist.html
Tlingit History  http://alaska.alaskan.com/docs/tlingithistory.html
Tlingit Indian Wearing Duck Mouth Cap figurine  http://www.prezents.co.uk/item--Tlingit-Indian-Wearing-Duck-Mouth-Cap-figurine--WU70372.html
Tlingit Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/tlingit.htm
Tlingit Language  http://www.tlingitlanguage.org/
Tlingit Language  http://www.yukoncollege.yk.ca/ynlc/YNLCinfo/Tlingit.html
Tlingit Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlingit_language
Tlingit Language  http://www.native-languages.org/tlingit.htm
Tlingit Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=TLI
Tlingit Language Chart  http://www.capefoxtours.com/tlingitphrases.html
Tlingit Language Family  http://www.civilization.ca/aborig/stones/groups/tlini.htm
Tlingit Language Plaque  http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/tribute/tlingit-e.html
Tlingit Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=TLI
Tlingit Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/tlingit.htm
Tlingit Miniature Canoe  http://www.adrianmorrisantiques.com/lg%20fa%20pages/451lg.html
Tlingit Nation  http://www.snowwowl.com/peopletlingit1.html
Tlingit Nation  http://kafka.uvic.ca/~maltwood/nwcp/tlingit/intro.html
Tlingit Native American Art  http://www.denaliincorporated.com/Pages/tart.htm
Tlingit Native American Culture  http://www.denaliincorporated.com/Pages/tculture.htm
Tlingit Photos  http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award98/wauhtml/aipnSubjects31.html
Tlingit Tribes, Clans, and Clan Houses  http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/ANCR/Southeast/TlingitMap/
Tlingit Tribe turns to Devil's Club for ailments  http://www.indianz.com/News/2004/003507.asp
Tribal Art and Ethnographica  http://www.bcgalleries.com.au/ig39.html
Wrapped in tradition ...  http://tillicumvillage.com/2001937416_wedding25.html
Yakutat  http://www.ptialaska.net/~gycc/demographics.html
Yakutat  http://www.beringsea.com/communities/index.php?community=401

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press