FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Tsetsaut

 

 

Ethnie: TSETSAUT
Dialects Testsaut
Language: Tahltan-Kaska
Family: Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Rocky Mountian Western Plateau
Speakers Extinct    
      The Tsetsaut were a nomadic interior hunter/gatherer tribe. The lived inland from the Tlingit on the headwaters of the Iskut and Skeena Rivers. They suffered from the aggression of other larger tribes and the few survivors eventually joined the Niska after a Tlingit slaving raid.
Aboriginal Locations: Number of Villages
BC      1
Present Locations
BC Extinct as a tribe
Year History
1793 Alexander Mackenzie became the first white man to travel through territories while looking for fur-trading areas for the North West Company
1821 Fort Alexandria established
1826 Carriers armed, Chilcotin moved notrth
1829 Fort Chilcotin established
1830 Almost exterminated by Tlingit who had planned to kill the men and enslave the women and children; survivors moved to near Niska
1857 Cariboo gold rush
1885 Had fishing village on Meziadin Lake; according to Duff, 12 men and families joined Niska
Year BC Population   Source
1700 500   NAHDB calculation
1800 500   NAHDB calculation
1837 500   Swanton
1900 0   NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Kaska, Tagish, Tahltan
TestsautTribe Sites:
Tsetsaut  http://tceplus.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0008148
Tsetsaut  http://www.historycanada.com/sections/Eras/prehistory/tsetsaut.htm
Tsetsaut Indians of Canada  http://www.canadiangenealogy.net/indians/tsetsaut.htm
Tsetsaut Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/tsetsaut.htm
Tsetsaut Language  http://www.native-languages.org/tsetsaut.htm
Tsetsaut Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=txc
Tsetsaut Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=txc

Last updated 11/23/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press