FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Tubatulabal

 

Ethnie: TUBATULABAL
Language: Tubatulabal
Family: Tubatulabal
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Transition:  Southern California, Colorado River, Great Basin, Central California
Speakers 6      1972 SIL
     The Tubatulabal were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer culture and language group. They were located in the upper part of the valley of the Kern River. Their language is unlike any other in the Uto-Aztecan stock. They suffered severely from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations
Division (# of villages):  Bankalachi (1), Palagewan (3), Tubatulabl (11)
Present Locations
Some remnants at TULE RIVER RESERVATION, Porterville while other absorbed into the local culture including Ft. Tejon
TUBATULABALS OF KERN VALLEY, Lake Isabella, CA
Year History
1776 Visited by Father Garcés
1806 Measles epidemic
1846 White settlers moved into territory
1852 Signed treaties with U.S. government
1857 Kern River gold rush
1862 Joined Owens Valley Paiute in hostilities against Whites
1863 American soldiers massacred 35-40 men near Kernville
1893 Allotted land in South Fork and Kern Valleys
1902 Measles epidemic
1918 Influenza epidemic
2004 Began Pakanapul language program in Mount Mesa
Year Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1855 228 Voeglin estimate
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 105 Census
1972 50 Field census
2000 100 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Tubatulabl Sites
Basket Jar for Shell Money  http://hearstmuseum.berkeley.edu/exhibitions/ncc/gallery_3_2_19.html
Far West Culture  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h969.html
Great Basin Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/pre-columbian_gb.htm
Indian Legends of California ...  http://www.mythfolklore.net/3043mythfolklore/reading/california/background.htm
Indian Tribes of Sequoia NP Region:  The Tubatulabal  http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/berkeley/steward2/stewardd.htm
Johnsondale History  http://www.rranch.org/history/
Kern River Valley History  http://www.southern-sierra.com/Community/history.html
Native American Basketry Exhibit  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/baskets/artists/putnam.html
Native American Language School Becomes Reality  http://www.kvsun.com/articles/2004/10/27/news/01indianlanguage.txt
Native Languages Slowly Dying  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co12162000/CO_12162000_Dyinglanguage.htm
Seven Villages at Ft. Tejon  http://www.angelfire.com/id/newpubs/villages.html
Sugar and Salt  http://www.abotech.com/Articles/Campbell01.htm
Tubatulabal  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Tubatulabal.html
Tubatulabal - SFSU Narrative http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/tubatulabal.html
The Tubatulabal  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/Tubatulabal.htm
Tubatulabal Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=TUB
Tubatulabal Language  http://www.native-languages.org/tubatulabal.htm
Tubatulabal Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=TUB
Tubatulabal Metathesis  http://ling.ohio-state.edu/~ehume/metathesis/Tubatulabal
Tubatulabals of Kern Valley  http://www.navatech.org/Tubatulabal.htm
Tubatulabal Traditional Narratives  http://www.answers.com/topic/tubatulabal-traditional-narratives

Last updated 08/13/07 Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press