FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Tygh

 

 

Ethnie: TYGH
Language: Tenino
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 200   1977 SIL
     The Tygh were a hunter/gather nation which relied heavily on fishing.  They lived, for the most part, along the Columbia from the Deschutes to the Umatilla.  They suffered great losses from the White influx, and separated into several locations after the Wasco treaty of 1855.
    
Aboriginal Locations
OR Unknown number of villages
Present Locations
OR  Warm Springs Reservation, Warm Springs; Celilo Valage, Wasco County
Year History
1805 Met by Lewis and Clark
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic, 
1851 Partially merged with Nez Perce
1855 Involved in Yakima War, thereafter joined the Warm Springs Reservation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 1,400 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,400 Mooney estimate
1800 1,400 NAHDB calculation
1859 450 Swanton
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had joined Warm Springs Reservation)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Tenino
Tygh Sites:
Basket Weaver Harvest Moon ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co07152000/CO_07152000_Basketweaver.htm
Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs ...  http://www.critfc.org/text/warmsprings.html
Indians of Eastern Oregon  http://www.nps.gov/joda/lee/lee1-1.htm
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/northeast.html
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Tenino Indians  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_066_13_28.html
Tenino Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAR
Tenino Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WAR
Tenino Woman Recognized as a Master Storyteller  http://www.theolympian.com/home/news/20030714/communities/51719_ARC.shtml
Tygh Band Protests ...  http://carbon.cudenver.edu/public/fwc/Issue10/Action_Alerts/tygh.html
Your Indian Hosts  http://www.happycanyon.com/hosts.htm

Last updated 02/08/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press