FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Umatilla

 

 

Ethnie: UMATILLA
Language: Umatilla
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 50 1977 SIL
     The Umatilla were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe of the Northwestern Plateau.  They were located on the Umatilla River and on the Columbia adjacent to the mouth of the Umatilla.  They traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts with and suffered from the later settlers.  They likewise suffered from losses in the Bannock and Yakima Wars.
Aboriginal Locations
OR 
Present Locations
OR  Umatilla Reservation, Pendleton
Year History
1805 Met by Lewis and Clark
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic, 
1851 Partially merged with Nez Perce
1855 Involved in Yakima War
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 750 NAHDB calculation
1800 750 NAHDB calculation
1855 300 NAHDB estimate
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had joined Confederated tribes of Umatilla Reservation)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Umatilla Sites:
Confederated Tribes of Umatilla  http://www.itmatrustfunds.org/Tribal_Members_Folder/Umatilla.htm
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservations  http://www.critfc.org/text/umatilla.html
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation  http://www.umatilla.nsn.us/
Indians of Eastern Oregon  http://www.nps.gov/joda/lee/lee1-1.htm
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/northeast.html
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Peace Medals ...  http://www.nathpo.org/News/Lewis_Clark/News_Lewis29.htm
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/press/tci.htm
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute  http://www.pbs.org/wotp/tribes/umatilla/
Tribal Museum/Education Center ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co01082000/CO_01082000_Umatilla.htm
Umatilla Constitution and By-Laws  http://thorpe.ou.edu/constitution/umatilla.html
Umatilla Indian Reservation  http://www.ccrh.org/curr/umatillares.html
Umatilla Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=UMA
Umatilla Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=UMA
Umatilla Photo  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/688.html
Umatilla Photo  http://www.shadow-catchers.com/GALLERIES/Galleries/Ethnic/NativeA-I.htm
Umatilla Photo:  Boy  http://gesswhoto.com/grumpy-little-chief.html
Umatilla Photo Gallery  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/gallery/h_moor.htm
Umatilla Photos  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/676.html
Umatilla Sovereignty and Tribal Government  http://www.l3-lewisandclark.com/ShowOneObject.asp?SiteID=33&ObjectID=668
Umatilla Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1540.html
Umatilla Tribe Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t112
Umatilla Tribe Grows Its Own  http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1095357399
Who Owns the Past? ...  http://www.pbs.org/wotp/tribes/umatilla/
Your Indian Hosts  http://www.happycanyon.com/hosts.htm

Last updated 02/08/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press