FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Vanyume

 

 

Ethnie: VANYUME (BENEME)
Language: Northern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers 0  
     The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/gatherer mountain and desert cultures.  The Vanyume lived along the Mojave River north of the San Bernardino Mountains.  They were peaceful semi-sedentary hunter/gatherers relying on acorns as the primary staple of their diet.  Their dialect was apparently closest to that of the Kitanemuk.
Aboriginal Locations
Atongaibit, Cacameat, Guacaibit, Topipapit, and at least two other villages.
Present Locations
FERNANDENO TRIBE, San Fernando
MOJAVE RIVER BAND OF VANYUME INDIANS, Hesperia
Year History
1771  Mission San Gabriel Arcangel founded
1776 Garces arrived in territory
1806 Padre Jose Zalvidea baptized Indians probably at Guacaibit.
1810 Four Vanyume taken by Spanish from Topipapait to San Fernando Mission
1819  Asistencia established near Redlands; a large number of Vanyume massacred by Mojave tribe
1826 Vanyume visited by Jedediah Smith
1851 Juan Maria Lugo and Indian cowboys ambushed near Cacameat by Ute horse thieves under Chief Walkara, Ignacio Palomares and other rider were ambushed near Topipapit
1996 Six of tribe return to reside in Hesperia
Year Population Source
1700    250 NAHDB calculation
1800 250 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
2000 50 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Gabrielino, Kitanemuk, Serrano
Vanyume links:
Antelope Valley Museum:  Late Prehistoric Period  http://www.avim.parks.ca.gov/people/prehistoric.shtml
California's Native People:  Desert Interior  http://www.cabrillo.edu/~crsmith/anth6_desert.html
DNA Links Ancient/Modern Indians  http://www.scvhistory.com/scvhistory/sg052205-indians.htm
Dredging of Lake Tuendae ...  http://data2.itc.nps.gov/parks/moja/ppdocuments/tuichubnew.htm
Evolution of Bitter Springs - Fort Irwin, California  http://www.irwin.army.mil/NR/rdonlyres/7D3D21AB-0433-4222-8392-CF54703DDAB2/0/COPacketFtIrwin.pdf
Granite Mountains Archeological Survey  http://www.pcas.org/Vol37N2/GraniteMts.pdf
History - Newberry Springs  http://www.wemweb.com/traveler/towns/11newber/smith/newshist.html
Human Ecology  http://www.kluweronline.com/article.asp?PIPS=227769&PDF=1
Indian Burial Grounds Unearthed  http://members.uia.net/rdthompson/lane4.html
Inscription Canyon's Petroglyphs  http://aeve.com/digitaldesert/inscription-canyon/
Jedediah Smith's Journals Across the Mojave  http://www.nps.gov/moja/mojahtjs.htm
Music Related Excerpts from the De Anza Expedition Diaries  http://www.solideas.com/DeAnza/ExpeditionDiaries.html
Native Americans of the Mojave Desert  http://mojavedesert.net/mojave-desert-indians/
The Serrano Indians  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/serranoindianhist.htm
Serrano Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SER
Serrano Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=SER
Serrano/Mojave Indians of the Mojave Desert   http://www.mojavedesert.net.vanyume-indians/
Southern California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/southern_california_culture.htm
Sugar and Salt  http://www.abotech.com/Articles/Campbell01.htm
John Valenzuela, Tribal Chairman  http://www.scvhistory.com/scvhistory/signal/newsmaker/sg071104.htm
Vanyume (Vanyume Serrano)  http://www.avim.parks.ca.gov/people/ph_vanyume.shtml

Last updated 08/13/07,  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press