FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Wailaki

 

Ethnie: WAILAKI
Language: Wailakian
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskans
Stock: Athapaskans
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California
Speakers None      
     The Wailaki were a sedentary hunter/gatherer nation that relied heavily on fishing. They were the uppermost Athapaskan tribe on the Eel River extending to the border of Yuki territory at the Big Bend. They also lived along several affluents. The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada. The Wailaki suffered in a major conflict with the Cahto and as a result of the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations
Subdivisons (# of villages):  Main Eel River (15), Lower North Fork of Eel River (3), Higher up North Fork (4)
Present Locations
GRINDSTONE RANCHERIA, Elk Creek
ROUND VALLEY RESERVATION, Covelo
Year History
1850 Wailaki and Yuki bitter feud with Cahto, many killed; miners and settlers encroached into territory killing many as well
1861 120 killed at Horse Canyon trying to steal horses
1862 Squatters killed 65 at Round Valley and took over 80% of reservation
1871 Episcopal mission established at Round Valley
Year Population Source
2,700 Baumhoff aboriginal estimate
1700 2,700 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,900 NAHDB calculation
1850 1,500 Cook estimate
1852 1,200 Cook estimate
1861 400 Cook estimate
1880 150 Cook estimate
1900 200 NAHDB calculation
1910 227 Census
2000 400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahto, Eel River Tribes
Wailaki Sites
Athapaskan Languages of California    http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9479/wailaki.html
Bear Lincoln's Lawyer Challenges the Death Penalty Current event  http://nativenet.uthscsa.edu/archive/nl/9706/0010.html
Cahto Closely related
Curtis Collection - http://curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/VINTAGE%20PORTFOLIO%20PRINTS/volume14a.html
Eel River Petroglyphs  http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=23165
Eel River Tribes  Closely related
A History of American Indians in California    http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/5views/5views1h75.htm
Irene Stapp Interview  http://www.blocksburg.com/powell_comments.php?id=P1197_0_57_0_C
Felicia Schanche Hodge, Dr.P.H.  http://www.minority.unc.edu/institute/2002/spkrbios/drhodge.htm
Moth Cocoon Artifacts  http://www.insects.org/ced4/peigler.html
Oyate  http://www.oyate.org/aboutus.html
Round Valley Indian Reservation History  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes_history.shtml
Wailaki Bibliography  http://shanana.berkeley.edu/cilc/bibs/wailaki.html
Wailaki.com  http://www.wailaki.com/
Wailaki Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/athapascan/wailakindianhist.htm
Wailaki Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WLK
Wailaki Language  http://www.native-languages.org/wailaki.htm
Wailaki Lines  http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=23170
Wailaki Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WLK
Wailaki Man  http://www.ushistoricalarchive.com/indians/photos/ct14005.html
Wailaki Man and Woman  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/volumeindex/volume14.html
Wailaki - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/wailaki.html
Wailaki-Winto:  The Northspeaking Indians  http://www.northspeakers.org/
Wailaki Woman  http://www.ushistoricalarchive.com/indians/photos/ct14006.html
What Really Happened? Current event  http://www.monitor.net/monitor/9-2-95/main.html

Last updated 08/20/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press