Language: Wailakian
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskans
Stock: Athapaskans
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California
Speakers None      
     The Wailaki were a sedentary hunter/gatherer nation that relied heavily on fishing. They were the uppermost Athapaskan tribe on the Eel River extending to the border of Yuki territory at the Big Bend. They also lived along several affluents. The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada. The Wailaki suffered in a major conflict with the Cahto and as a result of the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations
Subdivisons (# of villages):  Main Eel River (15), Lower North Fork of Eel River (3), Higher up North Fork (4)
Present Locations
Year History
1850 Wailaki and Yuki bitter feud with Cahto, many killed; miners and settlers encroached into territory killing many as well
1861 120 killed at Horse Canyon trying to steal horses
1862 Squatters killed 65 at Round Valley and took over 80% of reservation
1871 Episcopal mission established at Round Valley
Year Population Source
2,700 Baumhoff aboriginal estimate
1700 2,700 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,900 NAHDB calculation
1850 1,500 Cook estimate
1852 1,200 Cook estimate
1861 400 Cook estimate
1880 150 Cook estimate
1900 200 NAHDB calculation
1910 227 Census
2000 400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahto, Eel River Tribes
Wailaki Sites
Athapaskan Languages of California
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Cahto Closely related
Curtis Collection -
Eel River Petroglyphs
Eel River Tribes  Closely related
A History of American Indians in California
Irene Stapp Interview
Felicia Schanche Hodge, Dr.P.H.
Moth Cocoon Artifacts
Round Valley Indian Reservation History
Wailaki Bibliography
Wailaki Indian Tribe
Wailaki Language
Wailaki Language
Wailaki Lines
Wailaki Linguistic Lineage
Wailaki Man
Wailaki Man and Woman
Wailaki - SFSU Narrative
Wailaki-Winto:  The Northspeaking Indians
Wailaki Woman
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Last updated 08/20/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press