FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Wappo

 

Ethnie: WAPPO
Language: Wappo
Family: Yukian
Stock: Yukian
Phylum: Yukian
Macro-Culture: Central California
Speakers 1      1977 Voegelin & Voegelin
     The Wappo were a sedentary hunter/gatherer culture and language group. They were located in California on the headwaters of the Napa River, and Pope and Putah Creeks, and a stretch of the Russian River. They were devastated by the Mexicans and, later, gold rush settlers and miners.  The Yukians may be the oldest residents of California.  
Aboriginal Locations
Subdivisions (# of villages):  Central (5), Lile'ek, (2), Northern (3), Southern (4), Western (14)
Present Locations
COYOTE VALLEY RESERVATION, Redwood Valley
DRY CREEK RANCHERIA, Geyserville
ROUND VALLEY RESERVATION, Covelo
WAPPO TRIBE, Sonoma County
Year History
1000 B.C. Linguistic estimate for separation from other Yukian Languages; may only be linguistically related, not blood related per Kroeber
1821 Large numbers indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1830 Attacked Pomo village for stealing harvested acorns, killing several and gaining territory
1832 Many interned at Sonoma mission
1834 Vallejo killed 200
1838 Smallpox epidemic
1862 Squatters occupied 80% of Round Valley reservation
1871 Episcopal mission at Round Valley
Year Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1855 500 Yount estimate
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 73 Census
1970 50 Cook estimate
1989 201 BIA
2000 500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Wappo Sites
Calistoga History  http://calistogamap.com/1_history.htm
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/central_california_culture.htm
Dry Creek  http://www.naparcd.org/drycreekstewardship.htm
Dry Creek Rancheria  http://www.drycreekrancheria.com/cgi-bin/default.asp
Laura Fish Somersal, Last Wappo Speaker and Weaver  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/kt0z09n516/?layout=metadata&brand=calisphere
Mishewal Wappo Tribe  http://www.mishewal-wappo.org/
Round Valley Indian Tribes  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes.shtml
Sugarloaf Ridge State park  http://www.parks.sonoma.net/sugarlf.html
Wappo  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Wappo.html
Wappo 4th Grade Student Project  http://www.corpuschristischool.com/4thca_native_websites_04/Wappo/wappo_home.html
Wappo Bibliography  http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/wappo/pages/Wappobibliography.html
Wappo - Curtis Collection  http://curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/VINTAGE%20PORTFOLIO%20PRINTS/volume14b.html
Wappo Indians 8th Grade Student Project  http://waynesville.k12.mo.us/Schools/LEAPworld/N%20A%20Technology/Projects/Wappo/WappoIndians.html
Wappo Indians of Napa County    http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/wappo/windex.html
Wappo Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAO
Wappo Language  http://www.native-languages.org/wappo.htm
Wappo Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WAO
Wappo Man  http://www.firstpeople.us/photos/Wappo.html
Wappo Woman  http://www.prices4antiques.com/itemsummary/67759.htm

Last updated 08/21/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press