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Warm Springs Tribes

 

Ethnie:                   WARM SPRINGS TRIBES

Member Tribes Tribe Language Phylum
Northern Paiute Western Numic Azrec-Tanoan
Tenino Tenino Macro-Penutian
Tygh Tenino Macro-Penutian
Wasco Upper Chinookan Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Great Basin/Northwestern
     Warm Springs was first settled soon after the Treaty of 1855 by Tygh and Wasco, as well as Tenino remnants.  The Northern Paiutes arrived in 1879.  The Three primary tribes finally organized as the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs in 1937.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR Northern Paiute (# of bands ?), Tenino (3 villages), Tygh ( ? villages), Wasco (20 villages or fishing stations)
Oregon Present Locations
OR  Warm Springs Reservation,  Warm Springs (Watlala)   http://www.warmsprings.com/
Year History
1855 Treaty if 1855, Settled on Warm Springs Reservation
1879 Joined by 38 Northern Paiutes expelled from Yakima Reservation in Washington for their participation in Bannock War
1937 Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs founded
1942 Warm Springs Lumber Company founded on reservation
1957 Received 4 million dollars for destruction of fishing grounds
1996 Indian Head Casino opened
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1855 2,500
NAHDB calculation
1,100 Tenino
500 Tygh
900 Wasco
1879 38 Paiute joined reservation from Yakima Reservation after Bannock War
1900 3,000 NAHDB calculation 
2000 4,771 U of Chicago Health Services
2000 4,800 NAHDB calculation
Warm Springs Sites:
Basket Weaver Harvest Moon ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co07152000/CO_07152000_Basketweaver.htm
Bicentennial Bash ...  http://www.hcn.org/servlets/hcn.Article?article_id=14936
Biscuit Root  http://food.oregonstate.edu/native/biscuit.html
Black Butte and Green Ridge Story  http://www.orww.org/B&B_Complex/Repeat_Photography_Grid/Black_Butte/Indian_Story.html
Buried Treasure:  Archeologists ... http://www.tdn.com/articles/2004/12/11/area_news/news03.txt
Capitalizing the Chinook  http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/InNews/fishnews0632004.htm
Central Oregon  http://www.pacifier.com/~shm/Local2/highdesert.html
Columbia River Treaty Tribes  http://www.critfc.org/oldsite/text/history.htm
Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Oregon/Confederated%20Tribes%20of%20Warm%20Springs%20Indians%20Profile.htm
Courtney-Gold, Pat, Basket  http://wwol.inre.asu.edu/gold.html
Courtney-Gold, Pat, Basket Weaver  http://www.sba.gov/or/warmsprings.html
Courtney-Gold, Pat - Childhood  http://www.alternativevoices.org/When_Pat_Courtney_Gold_was_a_child.html
Coyote Places the Stars  http://home.online.no/~arnfin/native/lore/leg219.htm
Elk Spirit of Lost Lake  http://home.online.no/~arnfin/native/lore/leg238.htm
Florendo, James, Academic Advisor  http://duckhenge.uoregon.edu/io/popup?id=8
Legend of the Chinook Indians  http://www.hprcc.unl.edu/nebraska/stuproj/ametf99/wenzl/chinook.html
Legends of Vancouver  http://www.robirda.com/chinooktalk.html
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial  http://www.astoria-usa.com/lewis-clark.html
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/lewisclark/painting.html
Littleleaf, Charles, Flautist  http://www.littleleaf.com/littleleafbio.htm
Native American Basketry  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/baskets/artists/plateau.html
Northern Paiute Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=PAO
Northern Paiute Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=PAO
Northwest:  Chinookan Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_chinookan_culture.htm
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Leg of Famed Expedition ...  http://online.statesmanjournal.com/sp_section_article.cfm?i=54972&s=2158
Round Twined Root-gathering Basket  http://www.peabody.harvard.edu/Lewis_and_Clark/basket.html
Tygh Band Protests ...  http://carbon.cudenver.edu/public/fwc/Issue10/Action_Alerts/tygh.html
Tenino Indians  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_066_13_28.html
Tenino Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAR
Tenino Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WAR
Tenino Woman Recognized as a Master Storyteller 
Upper Chinookan  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAC
Warm Springs Constitution and By-Laws  http://www.tribalresourcecenter.org/ccfolder/warm_springs_constandbylaws.htm
Warm Springs Flag  http://users.aol.com/donh523/navapage/warmsp.htm
Warm Springs Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1539.html
Wasco Authors  http://ipl.si.umich.edu/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t229
Waso Indian  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_065_13_32.html
Wasco Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chinook/wascoindianhist.htm
Wasco-Wishram and Watlala  http://www.nps.gov/joda/lee/lee.htm
Wasco-Wishram Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAC
Wasco-Wishran Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WAC
Who Were Those Indians?  http://enthuz.com/friends/family/skamania/native/natives.html

Last updated 02/14/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press