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Wasco

 

 

Ethnie: WASCO
Language: Wasco-Wishram dialect of Upper Chinookan
Family: Chinookan
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 69   1996 
     The Wasco were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves.  The Wasco were on the south side of the Columbia River at about the Dalles.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR with 21 villages or fishing stations
Oregon Present Locations
OR  Warm Springs Reservation,  Warm Springs (Watlala)   http://www.warmsprings.com/
Year History
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population 80%)
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
1855 Settled on Warm Springs Reservation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 900 NAHDB calculation
1780 900 Mooney estimate
1800 900 NAHDB calculation
1822 900 Morse
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into other tribes)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Upper Chinookan Tribes, Wishram
Clackamas Tribes Sites:
Bicentennial Bash ...  http://www.hcn.org/servlets/hcn.Article?article_id=14936
Buried Treasure:  Archeologists ... http://www.tdn.com/articles/2004/12/11/area_news/news03.txt
Capitalizing the Chinook  http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/InNews/fishnews0632004.htm
Central Oregon  http://www.pacifier.com/~shm/Local2/highdesert.html
Chinook  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/chinook.html
Chinook  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/chinook.html
Chinook  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9479/chinook.html
Chinook Artifacts Found  http://data2.itc.nps.gov/digest/headline.cfm?type=Announcements&id=3117&urlarea=npsnews
Chinook Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t143
Chinook Book  http://chinookjargon.home.att.net/phillips.htm
Chinook Dictionary, Catechism, Prayers, and Hymns  http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?doc=04222
Chinook Indian  http://www.chinookindian.com/
Chinook Indian Hat  http://lewisandclarktrail.com/indianhat.htm
Chinook Indian Jargon  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chinook/chinookindianhist.htm
Chinook Indians  http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/chi.html
Chinook Indians  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_083_14_3.html
Chinook Literature  http://www.indians.org/welker/chinook.htm
Chinook Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/chinook.htm
Chinook Native Americans  http://www.mcps.k12.md.us/schools/travilahes/stwork03/writing/Chinook.pdf
Chinook People  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/chinook.htm
Chinook, Roxanne, Art  http://www.ebuynativeart.com/Roxanne/index.htm
Chinook Texts  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/nw/chinook/
Chinook Tribe  http://kancrn.kckps.k12.ks.us/huyck/chinook.htm
Chinook Tribe  http://www.beavton.k12.or.us/jacob_wismer/leahy/2003/native_american_posters/chinook.htm
Chinook Tribes  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/chtribes.html
Columbia River Treaty Tribes  http://www.critfc.org/oldsite/text/history.htm
Courtney-Gold, Pat, Basket  http://wwol.inre.asu.edu/gold.html
Courtney-Gold, Pat, Basket Weaver  http://www.sba.gov/or/warmsprings.html
Courtney-Gold, Pat - Childhood  http://www.alternativevoices.org/When_Pat_Courtney_Gold_was_a_child.html
Coyote Places the Stars  http://home.online.no/~arnfin/native/lore/leg219.htm
Elk Spirit of Lost Lake  http://home.online.no/~arnfin/native/lore/leg238.htm
Florendo, James, Academic Advisor  http://duckhenge.uoregon.edu/io/popup?id=8
Legend of the Chinook Indians  http://www.hprcc.unl.edu/nebraska/stuproj/ametf99/wenzl/chinook.html
Legends of Vancouver  http://www.robirda.com/chinooktalk.html
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial  http://www.astoria-usa.com/lewis-clark.html
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/lewisclark/painting.html
Lewis and Clark:  Chinook on the Columbia  http://www.washingtonhistory.org/wshm/lewisandclark/chinook-drawings.htm
Native American Basketry  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/baskets/artists/plateau.html
Northwest:  Chinookan Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_chinookan_culture.htm
Oregon Leg of Famed Expedition ...  http://online.statesmanjournal.com/sp_section_article.cfm?i=54972&s=2158
Round Twined Root-gathering Basket  http://www.peabody.harvard.edu/Lewis_and_Clark/basket.html
Upper Chinookan  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAC
Warm Springs Flag  http://users.aol.com/donh523/navapage/warmsp.htm
Warm Springs Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1539.html
Wasco Authors  http://ipl.si.umich.edu/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t229
Waso Indian  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_065_13_32.html
Wasco Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chinook/wascoindianhist.htm
Wasco-Wishram and Watlala  http://www.nps.gov/joda/lee/lee.htm
Wasco-Wishram Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAC
Wasco-Wishran Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WAC
Who Were Those Indians?  http://enthuz.com/friends/family/skamania/native/natives.html

Last updated 02/13/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press