Ethnie: WAXHAW
Language: Catawba
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Waxhaw were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation. The eastern Siouans fissioned from the Greater Siouan culture about 1,000 B. C. and crossed the Appalachians displacing the previous inhabitants. The Waxhaw were located south of present Charlotte and east of the Catawba River on both sides of the North and South Carolina border. They were located near and related to the Catawba who ultimately destroyed them. Some survivors joined the Yamasee and removed to Florida.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
SC    (2)
Present Locations
Year History
1566 Met by Vandera, called "Gueza" [?]
1670 Called "Wisacky" by Lederer, subject to and possibly part of Catawba; smallpox ensued
1701 Visited by Lawson who wrote the most about the tribe; two villages at least 10 miles apart
1715 Fought in Yamasee War, refused to make up with British and all but destroyed by Catawba, some joined the Catawba, remaining 25 accompanied Yamasee to Florida, some may have later joined the Lumbee
1720 Last account among Yamasee
Year Total SC  Pop. Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Catawba, Cheraw, Congaree, Santee, Sewee, Wateree, Woccon
Waxhaw Sites:
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language Department
Catawba Linguistic Lineage
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal
Waxhaw Indian Tribe History

Last updated 10/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press