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Wenatchee

 

 

Ethnie: WENATCHEE (WENATCHI)
Language: Columbia-Wenatchi
Family: Southern Interior Salish
Stock: Interior Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 5 or fewer     1999 McDonald
     The Wenatchee were semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribes of the Northwestern Plateau.  They were located on the Wenatchee and Methow Rivers.  The traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts with and suffered from the later settlers.  They briefly lived on the Columbia Reservation but were finally settled on and confederated into the Colville Reservation.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
WA (9)
Oregon Present Locations
WA  Colville Reservation, Nespelem
Year History
1781 Smallpox epidemic
1809 David Thompson established Kullyspell House trading post on Lake Pend d'Orielle
1810 David Thompson established Spokane House
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1848 Measles epidemic
1853 Smallpox epidemic
1855 Major Heller and 100 men routed in battle by a joint force of Yakimas, Columbians, Wanapams, Wallawallas, Palousas, Wenatchees, and Spokanes ... "Toppenish Fight"; Yakima Treaty of Camp Stevens; Wenatchi Fishing Reservation established
1872 Columbia Reservation established; Lake Chelan Earthquake, gases emitted, numerous deaths, no child under age 2 survived
1879 Columbia Chief Moses recognized Chief of the Wenatchees
1884 Columbia or Moses Reservation established
1902 Wenatchee removed to Colville Reservation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 1,400 NAHDB calculation
1800 850 NAHDB calculation
1805 820 Lewis and Clark
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into Colville) 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Columbia, Methow
Columbia Sites:
Changing Columbia Basin  http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/anth481/sal/crintro1.htm
Chief Moses ...  http://www.ghosttownsusa.com/bttales23.htm
Columbia or Moses Reservation  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/moses/primary/hayes.html
Columbia Treaty with Chief Moses  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/river/treaties/moses.htm
Columbia-Wenatchi Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=COL
Columbia-Wenatchi Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=COL
Colville Reservation ...  http://www.grandcoulee.com/CCTtab/history.html
Colville Tribes  http://www.colvilletribes.com/
Cultures Clash:  The Land Grab  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/moses/cultures1.html
Ethnobotany of Middle Columbia Native Americans  http://www.cwnp.org/ethnobot2.html
Lake Chelan and Wapato Point History  http://www.wapatopoint.com/history.html
Lake Chelan Earthquake of 1872  http://www.pnsn.org/HIST_CAT/1872/Weston/washington/lkchelan2.html
Middle Columbia Salish  http://content.lib.washington.edu/cgi-bin/htmldoc.exe?CISOROOT=/lctext&CISOPTR=1571
Moses Lake Columbia-Sinkiuse  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/moses/inhab1.html
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Wenatchee Apple Labels  http://www.thelabelman.com/Tindian1.htm
Wenatchee Fishery - 1893 http://content.lib.washington.edu/cgi-bin/htmldoc.exe?CISOROOT=/lctext&CISOPTR=1045
Wenatchee Fishery - 1900  http://content.lib.washington.edu/cgi-bin/htmldoc.exe?CISOROOT=/lctext&CISOPTR=1222
Wenatchee Fishing Reservation  http://www.falsepromises.com/falsepromises/RichardHart.html
Wenatchee Indians Ask Justice  http://content.lib.washington.edu/cgi-bin/htmldoc.exe?CISOROOT=/lctext&CISOPTR=1480
Wenatchee Removal to Colville Reservation  http://content.lib.washington.edu/cgi-bin/htmldoc.exe?CISOROOT=/lctext&CISOPTR=1222
Wenatchee Valley Museum and Cultural Center  http://www.wenatcheevalleymuseum.com/wvmcc/clovis.htm
Yakima Treaty of Camp Stevens  http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/wa/indians/treaties.htm

Last updated 03/07/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press