FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Whilkut

 

Ethnie: WHILKUT (REDWOOD INDIANS)
Language: Hupan
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest Californian
Speakers None      
      The Whilkut were a relatively poor sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe. The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada. The Whilkut lived on the upper parts of Redwood Creek and the Mad River. They were devastated by the settler and miner influx during the gold rush. Their remote territories resulted in little of their history being recorded though it is known they were not on good terms with the Hupa, a formidable ethnie with whom they shared their language and who eventually absorbed some Whilkut remnants.  They were also known to conduct raids against the Wiyot.
Aboriginal Locations
At least 4 villages
Present Locations
Remnants at HUPA RESERVATION, Hupa, others apparently absorbed into the local culture
Year History
1850 Heavy encroachment during gold rush
Year Population Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1770 500 Kroeber estimate
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 50 Census
2000 100 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Chilula, Hupan
Whilcut Sites
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Humbolt - Del Norte  http://www.cirhm.org/humboldt/index.asp
Hupa Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=HUP
Hupa Language  http://www.logoi.com/links/nativeamericans/hupa_language.html
Hupa Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=HUP
Northwestern California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Whilcut Hat  http://www.americantrails.com/soldbaskets3.html

Last updated 08/25/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press