FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Wiyot

 

Ethnie: WIYOT
Language: Wiyot
Family: Wiyot
Stock: Ritwan
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers None      1962 - Last speaker died
      The Wiyot were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer tribe that relied heavily on fishing. They were located on Humbolt Bay and on the lower Eel and Mad Rivers. They are linguistically related only to the Yurok in a stock in which there is some question if it is related to the Algonquian. They were almost destroyed in several massacres by Whites.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions (total villages)  Batawat, Wiki, Wiyot (20)
Present Locations
BLUE LAKE RANCHERIA, Blue Lake
TABLE BLUFF RANCHERIA, Loleta
Year History
1850 Influx of settlers brought by the gold rush, conflicts followed
1851 Gold rush in Wiyot territory from minor discovery at Gold Bluffs
1860 80 to 100 women and children massacred by a Eureka gang of militia supported by merchants on Indian Island;  several earlier massacres by Whites all but destroyed tribe; survivors interred at Fort Humboldt and then removed to distant reservations, many returned to aboriginal territory
1908 Table Bluff Rancheria established, 20 acres gifted by a local church
1953 Tribes terminated via Public Law 280
1981 Rancheria recognized;102 acres purchased nearby by federal government as part of a lawsuit settlement
1982 Established tribal constitution
Year Population Source
1,500 Cook aboriginal estimate
1700 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1880 200 Cook estimate
1900 150 NAHDB calculation
1910 100 Census
1955 62 Weybret et al estimate
1968 131 Levine and Lurie estimate
1989 226 BIA
2000 250 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Wiyot Sites
In 1860 Six Murderers ...  http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2004/02/28/DDG5Q59D8J1.DTL
Blue Lake Casino  http://www.bluelakecasino.com/
Blue Lake Rancheria  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/wiyot/wiyot.htm
California Tribal River Summit  http://www.wiyot.us/River_Summit.htm
Early Days in Shasta  http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist7/klamath.html
Ethnography and Archeology of the Wiyot Territory  http://www.originalvoices.org/PriceOfGoldEight.htm
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Gunther Island Site  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports01/rep0007.html
A History of Massacres  http://www.1849.org/ggg/massacres.html
Karuk/Wiyot Lidded Gift Basket  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/hermind/e025.html
Karuk/Wiyot Woman's Ceremonial Cap  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/hermind/e022.html
Karuk/Wiyot Women  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/hermind/e036.html
Northwest California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Sacred Site Fund  http://www.wiyot.com/fund.htm
Table Bluff Tribe and Community  http://www.indiancanyon.org/wiyot1.html
Tuluwat Village:  Sacred Land Restored to Wiyot Tribe  http://www.humguide.com/seniornews/issues/0407d.shtml
Wiyot  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Wiyot.html
Wiyot Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t232
Wiyot Basket  http://www.peabody.harvard.edu/registration/73277.html
Wiyot Bibliography  http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/cilc/bibs/wiyot.html
Wiyot Food Basket  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/hb429008bd/
Wiyot Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WIY
Wiyot Language  http://www.native-languages.org/wiyot.htm
Wiyot Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WIY
Wiyot Man's Hat  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/hb0870072v/?query=&brand=calisphere
Wiyot - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/wiyot.html
Wiyot Student project  http://www.humboldt.k12.ca.us/sobay_sd/pinehill/studentwork/gate/local_history/wiyot.htm
Wiyot Tribal History  http://www.ics.uci.edu/~aisi/97_aisics/people/sjohnson/mytribepg.html
Wiyot Tribe    http://www.wiyot.com/
Wiyot Will Dance Again on Indian Island  http://www.coastalconservancy.ca.gov/coast&ocean/spring2000/pages/psix.htm
Wiyot Woman's Ceremonial Cap  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/hermind/e019.html

Last updated 08/28/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Institute