FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Yakama

 

 

Ethnie: YAKAMA (YAKIMA)
Language: Yakima
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 69   1996 
     The Yakima were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves. They lived on the south side of the Columbia River between The Dalles and the Washington border.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR with up to 5 villages
Oregon Present Locations
WA  Yakima Reservation, Toppenish  http://www.ohwy.com/wa/y/yakamana.htm
Year History
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1820 Began a 10 year venture south taking advantage fever ridden Willamette tribed
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
1853 Smallpox epidemic
1855 Yakima Reservation created
1856 Attacked the City of Seattle  
Year Total Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 3,000 Mooney estimate
1800 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 3,000 NAHDB calculation (18 tribes had confederated into Yakima)
1923 2,939 US Indian Office
1937 2,933 US Indian Office
1989 6,706 BIA
2000 8,500 NAHDB calculation
2004 8,870 IHC
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Klikitat Sites:
... And Woman Wove it in a Basket  http://www.wmm.com/Catalog/pages/c280.htm
Battle of Seattle  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5208
Col. Wright Hangs Yakama and Palouse Prisoners  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5141
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Nation  http://www.critfc.org/text/yakama.html
Jackson, Nettie, Basketweaver  http://www.arts.wa.gov/progFA/appren/2001_jackson_gibson.htm
Klickitat Basket  http://www.fluryco.com/magicpro/detail.asp?folder=594&photo=638
Klickitat Basket  http://www.angelfire.com/or/petermarsh/adams.htm
Klickitat Basket, Cedar Bark  http://www.critfc.org/gala2/jackson.html
Klickitat Baskets  http://www.angelfire.com/or/petermarsh/adams.htm
Klikitat Basket  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/baskets/artists/putnam.html
Klikitat Basket  http://www.nmai.si.edu/exhibitions/baskets/subpage.cfm?subpage=view_pat
Klikitat Basket of Apples ...  http://www.davidmanuel.com/apple.htm
Klikitat Baskets  http://www.bonniekahngallery.com/bios.ihtml?step=3&aid=28
Klikittat Indian with Pony  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=YAK
Klikitat:  The Quiet Mountain  http://www.angelfire.com/or/petermarsh/adams.htm
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial  http://www.astoria-usa.com/lewis-clark.html
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/lewisclark/painting.html
Lewis and Clark Leave Washington State ... 1806  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5398
Mt. Saint Helens Legend  http://www.oregonpeakadventures.com/mt_st.htm
Native American Myths  http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/msh/llc/hr/hrho/nam.html
Potlatch of the Northwest Coast  http://www.santarosa.edu/museum/potlatch.htm
Residents' Stories Tell of Husum's Past  http://oregonwhitewater.org/b2evolution/index.php?blog=1
Sahaptin Dictionary  http://www.native-languages.org/sahaptin.htm
Sam, Mary, Basketweaver ...  http://www.trlib.org/trlnews03/pr-tu-harvest-moon-1003.htm
Tulee v. State of Washington  http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=315&invol=681
U. S. Establishes Fort Simcoe - 1856  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5292
U. S. Expropriates Tribal Lands Legally  http://www.cwis.org/fwj/21/ustl.html
Who Were Those Indians?  http://www.enthuz.com/friends/family/skamania/native/natives.html
Yakama Flag  http://users.aol.com/donh523/navapage/yakima.htm
Yakama Indian Fishing History  http://www.yakima.net/~ken/chewana/chewana2.htm
Yakama Indian Nation  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1588.html
Yakama Indian Nation  http://www.ohwy.com/wa/y/yakamana.htm
Yakama Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/yakimaindianhist.htm
Yakama Language, Healthy Sign  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues03/Co12132003/CO_12132003_YakimaLanguage.htm
Yakama Legends Casino  http://www.legendscasino.com/
Yakama Nation  http://www.critfc.org/text/yakama.html
Yakama Nation Cultural Heritage Center  http://www.yakamamuseum.com/
Yakama Nation Land Enterprise  http://ynle.com/ynle/default.htm
Yakama Nation Tribal Profile  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Washington/Yakama%20Nation%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Yakama Sahaptin Language  http://www.native-languages.org/yakama.htm
Yakama Vocabulary  http://www.native-languages.org/yakama_words.htm
Yakima  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Yakima.htm
Yakima Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t119
Yakima Forest Products  http://www.yakama-forest.com/
Yakima Indian Chiefs - 1900  http://antiques-internet.com/colorado/lefthandtradingco/dynapage/IP110.htm
Yakima Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=YAK
Yakima Language  http://www.rosettaproject.org/live/search/detailedlanguagerecord?ethnocode=YAK
Yakima Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=YAK
Yakima Reservation Boundary  http://www.washington.edu/uwired/outreach/cspn/hstaa432/lesson_12/yakima.html
Yakima Treaty of Camp Stevens  ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/wa/indians/treaties/yakima.txt
Yakima War Begins - 1855  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5311
Watlala Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chinook/watlalaindianhist.htm
"Way It Was, The"  http://depts.washington.edu/stepcofs/Curriculum/MidEellsyakamasalmon.htm

Last updated 03/07/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press