Yanan Tribes


Language: Yanan
Family: Yanan
Stock: Northern Hokan
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Central Valley
Speakers None      
      The Yanan tribes were comprised of the Yana and the Yahi, and were all of the speakers of the Yanan language. They were semi-sedentary hunter/gatherers, and considered to be formidable warriors. They lived in remote mountainous territory from the Pit River south to Rock Creek and from the edge of the upper Sacramento Valley to the headwaters of the eastern tributaries of the Sacramento River. Most survived only a few years after the White influx. Ishi, the famous last survivor of the Yahi, and a handful of northern Yana lived into the next century.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions (villages):  Central Yana (13), Northern Yana (3), Southern Yana (1), Yahi (8)
Present Locations
Year History
1850 Encroachments into territories as a result of the gold rush
1865 Yahi band slaughtered by group of settlers
1910 40 full and mixed bloods per Kroeber
1916 Death of last Yahi survivor, Ishi, at University of California, Berkeley
Year Population Source
1700 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,500 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 40 Kroeber
1930 9 Census
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Yanan Tribes Sites:
Bow Made by Ishi
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany
Cultural History of Lassen Park
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide
Ishi Goes Home
Ishi: Man of Peace
Ishi Page (photos)
Ishi's Hiding Place
Ishi's Long Road Home ...
Ishi:  The Last Yahi
Mechoopda Indian Rancheria
Story of Ishi:  The Yana Indian
... Treatment of Ishi, The Last Yahi
Who Was Ishi?
Who Was Ishi?
Yanan Language
Yanan Language
Yanan Linguistic Lineage
Yana - SFSU Narrative
Yana Texts

Last updated 08/28/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press