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Yanan Tribes

 

Ethnie: YANAN TRIBES
Language: Yanan
Family: Yanan
Stock: Northern Hokan
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Central Valley
Speakers None      
      The Yanan tribes were comprised of the Yana and the Yahi, and were all of the speakers of the Yanan language. They were semi-sedentary hunter/gatherers, and considered to be formidable warriors. They lived in remote mountainous territory from the Pit River south to Rock Creek and from the edge of the upper Sacramento Valley to the headwaters of the eastern tributaries of the Sacramento River. Most survived only a few years after the White influx. Ishi, the famous last survivor of the Yahi, and a handful of northern Yana lived into the next century.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions (villages):  Central Yana (13), Northern Yana (3), Southern Yana (1), Yahi (8)
Present Locations
MECHOOPA INDIAN RANCHERIA, Chico
Year History
1850 Encroachments into territories as a result of the gold rush
1865 Yahi band slaughtered by group of settlers
1910 40 full and mixed bloods per Kroeber
1916 Death of last Yahi survivor, Ishi, at University of California, Berkeley
Year Population Source
1700 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,500 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 40 Kroeber
1930 9 Census
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Yanan Tribes Sites:
Bow Made by Ishi  http://www.thebicyclingguitarist.net/ishi/bow.htm
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/central_california_culture.htm
Cultural History of Lassen Park    http://www.shastahome.com/lassen-volcanic/content.htm
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Ishi Goes Home  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co08122000/CO_08122000_Ishi.htm
Ishi: Man of Peace  http://www.efn.org/~peace/contributions/essay/ishi.html
Ishi Page (photos)  http://www.gilanet.com/amerabo/ishipage.htm
Ishi's Hiding Place  http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/5views/5views1h39.htm
Ishi's Long Road Home ...  http://reliant.teknowledge.com/DAML/Corpus/Y/Yana.html
Ishi:  The Last Yahi  http://www.library.ucsf.edu/collres/archives/hist/ishi/?printfriendly=1&
Mechoopda Indian Rancheria  http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/5views/5views1h51.htm
Story of Ishi:  The Yana Indian  http://members.tripod.com/~tmuss/shotfrompast/chief.htm
... Treatment of Ishi, The Last Yahi  http://www.thebicyclingguitarist.net/ishi/
Who Was Ishi?  http://www.ucsf.edu/daybreak/1998/10/02_ishi.html
Who Was Ishi?  http://www.sparrowcreek.com/Ishi.htm
Yanan Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=YNN
Yanan Language  http://reliant.teknowledge.com/DAML/Corpus/Y/Yana.html
Yanan Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=YNN
Yana - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/yana.html
Yana Texts  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/ca/yat/yat02.htm

Last updated 08/28/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press