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Yaqui

 

 

Ethnie: YAQUI
Language: Yaqui
Family: Cahitian
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southwestern
Speakers 406 1990 Census
      The Yaqui were sedentary hunter/farmers.  Aboriginally, they lived on the Rio Yaqui in Sonora, Mexico.  They were late refugees to the United States from the Mexican Revolution.  Many later returned to their homeland.
Aboriginal Locations
SN
Arizona Present Locations
AZ  Barrio Libre, Tucson
       Guadalupe, Phoenix
       Marana, Tucson
       Old Pasqua, Tucson
       Pasqua Yaqui Tribe, Tucson  http://www.pascuayaqui-nsn.gov/index.shtml
MX Yaqui, Altar, Sonora
Year History
1533 First contact with slaving Spaniards in Rio Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico, large numbers killed in battle
1608 Beginning of three years of Spanish attacks
1684 Silver discovered in Yaqui territory, Spanish encroachments began
1740 Yaqui allied with Mayo tribe in protracted war with Spanish, and later the Mexicans
1833 Chief Juan Banderas executed by Mexicans
1868 120 Yaquis massacred in a church by Mexicans
1884 Began moving to Arizona (3,000 refugees)
1890  Old Guadalupe settled
1897 Peace treaty signed between Yaquis and Mexico
1910 Guadalupe settled on 40 acres, many others returned to Mexico
1964 Federal Government deeded 202 acres to "Pasqua Yaqui Association"
1994 Yaquis given "Historical Status" under federal legislation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 3,500 NAHDB calculation
1947 2,800 Spicer
1981 5,400 Valenzuela
2000 6,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None in U.S. but several in Mexico
Yaqui Sites:
Casino del Sol  http://www.casinodelsol.com/about/history/index.shtml
Casino of the Sun  http://www.casinosun.com/
Celebrating Their Culture ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues03/Co11012003/CO_11012003_Byte_Byte.htm
Death Resolution:  Anselmo Valencia Tori  http://www.azleg.state.az.us/legtext/43leg/2r/laws/hr2004.htm
Great Yaqui People  http://www.manataka.org/page58.html
Hartman, Terry, Yaqui, Impressionist  http://www.msstate.edu/Fineart_Online/Gallery/Trophies/tuka.htm
Pasqua Yaqui Indian People, Legal Status  http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/casecode/uscodes/25/chapters/14/subchapters/lxxvii/toc.html
Pasqua Yaqui Tribe  http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_pascua.html
Pasqua Yaqui Tribe  http://www.arizonan.com/Indianlands/PascuaYaqui.html
Tribal Approach to Language ...  http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~jar/TIL_2.html
Yaqui  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/mesoamerica/yaqui.html
Yaqui  http://www.bigeye.com/sexeducation/yaqui.html
Yaqui and Mayo Easter Ceremonies  http://www.rimjournal.com/arizyson/easter.htm
Yaqui Ceramic Manufacturing Business  http://www.umich.edu/~urecord/9900/May22_00/10.htm
Yaqui History  http://www.manataka.org/page129.html
Yaqui Indian Reservation  http://www.sidecanyon.com/attraction/arizt.htm
Yaqui Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=YAQ
Yaqui Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=YAQ
Yaqui Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/yaqui.htm
Yaqui / Native Americans / Cotton Pickers  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/13527.html
Yaqui Newspaper Project  http://www.redinkmagazine.com/yaqui.html
Yaqui Pearling Stories  http://www.perlas.com.mx/Ingles/Yaquination.htm
Yaqui's Old Pasqua Village ...  http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/projects/ctt01/old_pasqua.html
Yaqui Vocabulary  http://www.native-languages.org/yaqui_words.htm

Last updated 01/27/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press