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Yaquina

 

 

Ethnie: YAQUINA
Language: Alsea (Yaquina dialect)
Family: Coast Oregon Penutian
Stock: Oregon Penutian
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 10   in 1930 (1977 Voeglin and Voeglin)
     The Yaquina were a coastal sedentary hunter/gatherer nation.  They lived about the Yaquina River and Bay  They experienced huge population losses from smallpox and ultimately joined with other tribes at Siletz, thus losing their cultural and tribal identity.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions (# of villages)
OR Northern (20), Southern (36)
Oregon Present Locations
Confederated Tribes of Siletz, Siletz
Year History
1788 American ship Columbia anchored in offshore waters, noted hostility of Indian
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population by 80%)
1841 Beginning of the arrival of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts followed
1875 Removed to Siletz Reservation
1956 Siletz Reservation terminated
1977 Confederated Tribes of Siletz founded
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 4,600 NAHDB calculation
1780 4,600 Mooney est. (6,000 less 1,400 allowance for Alsea)
1800 4,600 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Alsea Sites:
Alsea and Lewis and Clark  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_090_14_8.html
Alsea and Lewis and Clark  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_081_14.html
Alsea Bay and River History  http://www.portofalsea.com/Port_Information/History/history.html
Alsea Creation Stories  http://www.wsu.edu:8001/~dee/NAANTH/ALCREAT.HTM
Alsea Fishing Skills ...  http://www.orww.org/Reports/S/007J/0912/Kingfisher/Clothing_and_adornement.htm
Alsea History  http://www.manataka.org/page666.html
Alsea Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/yankton/alseaindianhist.htm
Alsea Indian Subagency  http://www.csusm.edu/nadp/d159.htm
Alsea Indian Women Dress ...  http://www.orww.org/Reports/S/007J/0912/Kingfisher/Clothing_and_adornement.htm
Alsea Language  http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~gene/alsea.html
Alsea Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=AES
Alsea Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=AES
Confederated Tribes of Siletz  http://www.ohwy.com/or/s/siltribe.htm
Confederated Tribes of Siletz  http://www.npaihb.org/profiles/tribal_profiles/Oregon/Confederated%20Tribes%20of%20Siletz%20Indians%20Tribal%20Profile.htm
Congressional Act Moving Alsea to Siletz  http://www.ohwy.com/or/s/siltribe.htm
Coos and Alsea Material  http://www.pnsn.org/HIST_CAT/STORIES/DRAFT2/coos.html
Index to Siletz Reservation Documents  http://www.csusm.edu/nadp/dindex.htm
Indians of the Coast  http://boyett.tripod.com/siletz.html
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Siletz and Alsea  http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~cmh18294/Siletz.html
Siletz Burials  http://users.wi.net/~census/lesson14.html
Stealing from the Indians  http://www.racismagainstindians.org/Perspectives/Essays/StealingFromIndians.htm
What's a Yaquina?  http://www.athleticaid.com/yaquina/Yaquina.html
Yaquina Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/salish/yaquinaindianhist.htm

Last updated 02/13/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press