FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Yavapai

 

 

Ethnie: YAVAPAI
Language: Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai
Family: Yuman
Stock: Esselen-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Culture: Colorado River
Speakers 440   1990 Census
     The Yavapai were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe of the Colorado River Culture. Centered in the Verde Valley, they ranged from the Pinal and Mazatzal Mountains almost to the Colorado River, and from the Bill Williams and Santa Maria Rivers south to the northern drainage of the Gila River.  They share the Pai sub-culture with the Havasupai and Hualapai of Arizona, and the Paipai of Mexico. They suffered in conflicts with other Colorado River tribes and from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions (Subdivisions)
Kewevikopaya or Southeastern, Yevepe or Northeastern (Mathaupapaya, Tolkepaya, Yevepe)
Arizona Present Locations
AZ  Camp Verde Reservation, Middle Verde  http://yavapai-apache.org/home.htm
       Fort McDowell Reservation, Scottsdale  http://www.ftmcdowell.org/
       Yavapai Prescott Indian Reservation  http://www.ypit.com/
Year History
1582 Mentioned by Luxon of the Espejo expedition
1598 Met by Marcos Farian de los Godos
1604 Visited by Onate
1776 Met by Francisco Garces 
1873 Removed to Verde River Agency
1875 Placed on the San Carlos Apache Reservation
1890 Had filtered back to the Verde Valley
1901 Assigned the abandoned Camp McDowell Military Reservation
1903 Camp Verde Reservation set aside for tribe
1904 US purchased settlers claims to tribal lands
1905 Tuberculosis epidemic
Year U.S. Population Source
1680 1,500 Gifford estimate
1700 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1873 1,000 Verde River Agency
1900 600 NAHDB calculation
1903 550 Camp Verde Reservation
1910 549 Census
1973 682 BIA
1989 750 NAHDB estimate based on BIA data
2000 850 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Hualapai, Havasupai
Yavapai Sites:
Colorado River Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/colorado_river_culture.htm
Depression Era and the Yavapai  http://www.sharlot.org/archives/history/dayspast/text/1999_11_21.shtml
Fort McDowell Indian Community, Law and Order Code  http://doc.narf.org/nill/Codes/ftmcode/ftmcodech19antiquities.htm
Heavily Used Colorado River ...  http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/salton/HeavilyusedCoRH2Olastdrop.html
Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=YUF
Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=YUF
Jilmulla, Viola  http://dev.lib.az.us/awhof/jimulla.cfm
Montezuma, Carlos, Papers  http://www.scholarly.com/mfdetail.asp?S1618
Pai Yuman People  http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/du_peo_paiyumans.html
Tribe Donates Skull Valley Fire Station  http://www.ypit.com/press/101702_skull-valley.htm
Who Is a Tribal Indian ...?  http://www.americanindiansource.com/whoarewe.html
Yavapai-Apache  http://www.arizonan.com/Indianlands/YavapaiApache.html
Yavapai-Apache Creation Stories  http://www.juntosociety.com/native/creationyapache.htm
Yavapai-Apache Nation  http://www.yavapai-apache.org/
Yavapai Basket - Watercolor  http://turquoisebuffalo.com/page/TBG/PROD/wa_p/E036
Yavapai Celebrate Legacy of Bold Sovereign Action  http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1085589256
Yavapai Indians  http://jeff.scott.tripod.com/yavapai.html
Yavapai Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/apache/yavapaiindianhist.htm
Yavapai People  http://www.geocities.com/~zybt/yavapai.htm
Yavapai:  People of the Sun  http://www.csuchico.edu/art/contrapposto/contrapposto00/pages/thememethod/geraldi.html
Yavapai Prescott Baskets  http://www.loc.gov/bicentennial/propage/AZ/az_s_mccain7.html
Yavapai Prescott Indian Tribe  http://www.itcaonline.com/tribes_yavapai.html
Yavapai Survived Against Great Odds  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co05192001/CO_05192001_Yavapai.htm
Yavapai Tribe Moving Forward ...  http://www.indianz.com/News/archive/001256.asp
Yuman Mountain Tribes  http://ask.nessie.free.fr/az/curtis13.htm
Yuman Mythology  http://www.oldandsold.com/articles26/indian-mythology-50.shtml

Last updated 01277/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press