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Yazoo

 

 

Ethnie: YAZOO
Language: Tunican
Family Tunican
Stock: Tunican
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Yazoo were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe.  They were closely related to and allied with the Koroa.  They lived on the south side of the Yazoo River about 10 miles above its mouth.  They fought in the Natchez Upring against the French, were nearly destroyed by the Quapaw, and eventually absorbed into the Choctaw.
Aboriginal Locations 
MS   Possibly 2 villages on the Yazoo River
Present Locations
Absorbed into the Choctaw
Year History
1682 Mentioned by La Salle in connection with his trip to the mouth of the Mississippi;  Tonti found the tribe on the Yazoo River having recently relocated from further up the Mississippi along with the Tunica
1686 Living near Koroa
1702 Tribe was an accessory in the murder of the French missionary Foucoult
1729 Outbreak of Natchez War, Koroa murdered missionary P. Seuel and along with the Koroa, massacred the garrison at ft. St. Peter, later attacked by Chakchiuma and Choctaw and still later all but 15 killed by the Quapaw
1731 Occupying a fort on the Tensas River along with the Koroa; took part with the Natchez in an attack on the Tunica; eventually joined Choctaw and possibly Chickasaw (Choctaw Chief Allen Wright claimed Koroa descent) 
Year Total MS Population Source
1698 300 Swanton (600 less 300 Koroa)
1700 300 NAHDB calculation
1730 100 Le Page du Pratz 
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Koroa, Tunica
Yazoo Sites:
Tunica and Koroa Indians  http://www.uark.edu/depts/contact/tunica.html
Tunica Language  http://www.native-languages.org/tunica.htm
Tunica Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=TUK
Tunica Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=TUK
Tunica Vocabulary  http://www.native-languages.org/tunica_words.htm
Yazoo Historic Sites  http://www.yazoo.org/Historic.htm

Last updated 06/28/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press