Language: Yokutsan
Family: Yokutsan
Stock: Yok-Utian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Central California
Speakers 78      1990 Census
      The Yokuts are a language family with as many as 50 separate hunter/gatherer tribes, and numerous dialects. They occupied the entire San Joaquin Valley of central California from the mouth of the San Joaquin River to the foot of the Tehachapis, and the adjacent lower slopes or foothills of the Sierra Nevada, from the Fresno River south. They experienced huge population losses as a result of Mexican genocide, and were almost destroyed by the virtual holocaust of the indiscriminate genocide of the early American gold prospectors and settlers.
Aboriginal Locations
Subdivisions:  Tribes (# of villages):  Buena Vista Group: Hometwoli, Loasau, Tuhohi, Tulamni (5); Tule-Kaweah Group: Bokninuwad, Kawia, Wuchamni, Yausanchi, Yokod (11); Kings River Group: Aiticha, Choinimni, Chukaimina, Gashowu, Kocheyali, Michahai, Toihicha (14); Northern Group of Foothill Division: Chukchansi, Dalinchi, Dumma, Kechayi, Toltichi (17); Poso Creek Group: Paleuyami (6); Southern Group of the Valley Division: Apiachi, Choinok, Chunut, Koyeti, Nutunutu, Tachi, Telamni, Tsineuhiu, Wechihit, Wimilchi, Wo'lasi, Wowol, Yauelmani (27); Northern Group of the Valley Division: Chauchila, Chulamni, Coconoon, Hannesuk, Heuchi, Hoyima, Kakisamni, Nupchinche, Pitkachi, Tawalimnu, Wakichi (19)
Present Locations 2000 Census
Picayune Rancheria, Coarsegold
Santa Rosa Rancheria, Lemoore 299
Table Mountain Reservation, Tiant
Tule River Reservation, Porterville 473
Groups With Recognition Petitions Pending
Chukchansi Yokotch Tribe, Coarsegold
Chukchansi Yokotch Tribe of Mariposa, California, Mariposa
Year History
1802 Pneumonia, diphtheria epidemic
1805 Attacked Fr. Cuevas party, Peralta retaliated killing 11, capturing 30
1806 Measles epidemic
1815 Pico attacked rancheria near Madera, 5 killed, 50 captured, most escaped
1821 Large numbers indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1833 Epidemic, probably malaria
1839 Yokuts raiding party against Martinez lost 8, Castro then attacked 2 rancherias capturing 77
1850 Gold rush, influx of miners, settlers; beginning of several years of Mariposa War genocide, huge losses; virtually no specific accounts
1851 Yokuts signed peace treaty
1852 U. S. Senate rejected treaty; Campbell and 2 dozen miner killed 11; some Yokuts placed at Tejon Pass
1853 Great number died from malaria epidemic
1854 Ft. Tejon established
1856 Williams leading Tulare Mounted Volunteers ambush Ft. Tejon killing 5; 15 Yokuts killed near Visalia; 20+ Yokuts killed in fight at Battle Mountain in Tule River War
1858 200 destitute Yokuts removed from villages to Kings River farm by armed Whites
1900 Huge Tulare Lake virtually disappeared due to White drainage of water
1933 Chunuts Yokuts forced from their Tulare Lake village site
Year Population Source
1700 18,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 18,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 18,000 NAHDB calculation
1848 14,000 Cook estimate
1852 13,000 Cook estimate
1880 600 Cook estimate
1900 550 NAHDB calculation
1910 533 Census
1973 595 BIA
1981 640 BIA
1989 1,327 BIA
2000 1,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Yokuts Sites:
Basketry:  Indian Tribes of Sequoia NP ...
Basketry of Yokuts Indians ...
Basket; Yokuts, Rattlesnake Design
Basket; Yokuts, Seed
Black Eagle - Warrior Art
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany
Chawchila Language
A Chief - Chukansi Yokuts
Choinumni Tribe
Curtis Plates
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide
History of Kaweah Reserve
History of Mission Santa Cruz Student project
Indian Myths of South Central California
Indians, Tar Pits, and Tar Mines
Los Banos History
Mariposa Indian War ...
Mariposan Indian Family History
Marvin Two Feathers McAllexander -
Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana
Native American Uses of Asphaltum
Pigeon Snare Ambush Place
The Piercing of the Yokuts Shield
The Southern Yokuts of the Central Valley
Sugar and Salt
Table Mountain Casino
Tachi Yokut Authors
The Tachi Yokut Tribe
Truhohi Yokuts:  Theft of Fire
Yaudanchi Yokuts ...
Yokut Houses
Yokut Indian Baskets
Yokut Literature
Yokuts and Western Mono Ethnography
Yokuts Basket
Yokuts Baskets
Yokuts Baskets
Yokuts Baskets
Yokuts Baskets
Yokuts Bibliography
Yokuts Games
Yokuts Harvest (mural)
Yokuts Indian - Dumna (Cassons) Kachayi Band
Yokuts Indian Languages
Yokuts Indian Tribe
Yokuts/Lang Description
Yokuts Language
Yokuts Languages
Yokuts Linguistic Lineage
Yokuts, Northern Foothill
Yokuts (Northern Foothill) Language
Yokuts - Origin of Death
Yokuts Religion and Expressive Culture
Yokuts - SFSU Narrative
Yokuts Tools
Yokuts Traditional Narratives
Tule River Tribe

Last updated 08/28/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press