FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Yuki

 

Ethnie: YUKI
Language: Yukian
Family: Yukian
Stock: Yukian
Phylum: Yukian 
Macro-Culture: Central California (some elements of the Northwestern California macro-culture)
Speakers 6      1990 Census
      The Yuki were a sedentary hunter/gatherer nation. Uncharacteristic of northern California tribes, the Yuki often had armed conflicts with their neighbors. They occupied the entire Eel River drainage above the north fork except for an area occupied by the Huchnom. They were all but exterminated by settlers.  Some believe that the Yukians were the first inhabitants of California.
Aboriginal Locations
Subdivisions:    Huititno'm, Onkolukomno'm, Sukshaltatano'm, Ta'no'm, Ukomno'm, Utitno'm, Witukomno'm
Present Locations
ROUND VALLEY RESERVATION, Covelo
Groups With Recognition Petitions Pending
YOKAYO TRIBE OF INDIANS, Ukiah
Year History
1838 Smallpox epidemic
1850 Gold rush, miners and settlers encroached onto territory, violence and genocide followed
1856 Nome cult Indian farm established at Round Valley
1862 Squatters took over 80% of reservation, massacred 45
1871 Episcopal mission founded at Round Valley, day school started; began to practice Ghost Dance
Year Population Source
1700 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 2,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1864 300 ARCIA
1870 238 ARCIA
1880 168 Census
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 95 Census
1910 100 Kroeber
1937 50 Foster estimate
1973 32 BIA
2000 100 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Coast Yuki, Huchnom
Yuki Sites
Bitter Memories at Round Valley  http://www.rwor.org/a/v19/910-19/917/rndvaly.htm
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/central_california_culture.htm
Excavation to Chronicle Yuki History  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co07292000/CO_07292000_Yuki.htm
Margaret Yellowhammer Card Poems  http://www.covelo.net/poetry/pages/yellowhammer/poetry_myc.shtml
Nome Cult:  Dark Legacy  http://www.monitor.net/monitor/9-2-95/history.html
Harvey Pitkin Papers  http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/mole/p/pitkin.htm
Poison Oak Faq  http://www.knoledge.org/oak/indians.html
Round Valley Congressional History  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes_rvcongress.shtml
Round Valley - Contemporary Insight    http://www.monitor.net/monitor/9-2-95/indianwars.html
Showdown at Round Valley  http://www.thedagger.com/thedagger/dag_zine/dag7/showdown.html
Yuki  4th Grade Student Project http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/yuki.htm
Yuki Author  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t335
Yuki Basket  http://www.adobegallery.com/origin.php?origin_id=375&cat_id=2
Yuki - ES Curtis    http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/yuki.html
Yuki Indian  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/kt2d5n99dg/
Yuki Indian  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/kt096n980h/
Yuki Indian Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/yukihome.html
Yuki Indian Family History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/yukiindinahist.htm
Yuki Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=YUK
Yuki Language  http://www.native-languages.org/yuki.htm
Yuki - SFSU Narrative http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/yukians.html

Last updated 08/29/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press